Section 9: The Inklings
Charles A. Coulombe
- Hermetic Imagination: The Effect of The Golden Dawn on
- The Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn was an English
expression of the Nineteenth-Century occult revival in Europe. Dedicated to such
practices as ceremonial magic and divination, it valued these more as gateways
to true understanding of reality than for their intrinsic merit. The Golden
Dawn's essentially Neoplatonic world-view is reflected in the writings of such
some-time members as W.B. Yeats, Arthur Machen and Charles Williams.
- Tolkien, Sayers, Sex and Gender.
- Tolkien's expressed "loathing" for Dorothy
Sayers and her novels Gaudy Night and Busman's Honeymoon is
remarkable considering that Sayers is generally considered to belong to the same
milieu as the Inklings. Possible reasons for this are the contrast between the
orthodox Catholic Tolkien's view of male sexuality as inherently sinful,
great mortification, and Sayers's frankly hedonistic
approach. Another reason may be Sayers's depiction of an independent Oxford
women's college getting by successfully without men, and her representation of
marriage as a source of intellectual frustration for creative women.
- Tolkien and the Other Inklings.
- This paper looks at Tolkien's relationship with the other
Inklings, especially Lewis, Williams and Barfield, in particular studying the
affinities and differences between them and what Tolkien owes to them. "The
Notion Club Papers" is discussed as an idealized portrait of the Inklings.
- Female Authority Figures in the Works of Tolkien, C.S.
Lewis and Charles Williams.
- The powerful, learned woman is a figure of fear in the
works of Williams, seen as transgressing her proper role. In Lewis, legitimate
authority figures are male, illegitimate ones are female, and gender roles are
strictly demarcated. Tolkien, however, not only creates powerful and heroic
women, but also suggests that the combination of authority and femininity can be
particularly potent and talismanic.
Diana Lynne Pavlac
- More than a Bandersnatch: Tolkien as a Collaborative Writer.
- It is commonly argued that the Inklings had no influence
on Tolkien. This paper will show that they had a profound influence, so much so,
that Lewis and Williams should be considered co-architects of Middle-earth.
- "A Pattern Which Our Nature Cries Out For": The Medieval Tradition
of the Ordered Four in the Fiction of J.R.R. Tolkien.
- This paper considers the fiction of J.R.R. Tolkien and the other Inklings
(specifically C.S. Lewis and Charles Williams) as being influenced by
a set of shared ideas. First, Tolkien and the Inklings believed in a
divine creator whose creation displays order. Secondly, Tolkien and
the Inklings were familiar with the primarily Medieval notion that the
matter of the world is inherently divided into groups of "four".
And finally, Tolkien and his colleagues perceived the process of creation,
whether by God or humans, to be similar.
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