Section 6: Response and Reaction
- How Russians See Tolkien.
- The understanding of J.R.R. Tolkien in Russia is affected
by two circumstances. One is that the general public is only familiar with The
Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings. The other fact is that for the
last 75 years cultural values and ethical rules have been methodically changed
and replaced with communist ideology.
Wayne G. Hammond
- The Critical Response to Tolkien's Fiction.
- This paper illustrates, primarily by reviewing reviews
from The Hobbit to The History of Middle-earth, how
Tolkien's critics have approached his works and popularity. The paper also
briefly comments on the state of Tolkien criticism in its second half-century.
- Tolkien the Anti-totalitarian.
- A number of critics have looked for a political message in The
Lord of the Rings, their dislike of the work, in some cases, apparently
leading them to accuse Tolkien of holding extreme, usually right-wing,
political views and making The Lord of the Rings a vehicle for
them. These critics are particularly vehement about the danger of young
people emerging from a reading of Tolkien's book with extreme right-wing
views. I select some examples from my collection of political views,
including the opinions of Robert Westall, E.P. Thompson, and Fred Inglis,
together with a viewpoint from a member of the Communist Party.
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