Section 3: The Lord of
- Eating, Devouring, Sacrifice and Ultimate Just Desserts.
- Bilbo's fear of being eaten is expanded
in The Lord of the Rings to
include the Dark Lord's
"devouring". In both the
nursery sense of being "eaten
up" and in the more sophisticated
sense of enslavement, Tolkien uses this
theme to discuss selfhood and free will,
and to separate those who serve from
those who consume and possess.
- Power and Knowledge in Tolkien: The Problem of
Difference in "The Birthday Party".
- It is not altogether clear from reading The
Lord of the Rings for the first time
how political the hobbits Bilbo and Frodo
are, even in the introductory chapter
"A Long-expected Party". For
there exist power struggles among the
different hobbit families in the Shire,
absurd in some cases, significant in
others. One mark of the ability of Bilbo
and Frodo is their sensitivity to the
politics of the Shire, a faculty born of
nurture and nature that will enable
Frodo's mission and attract followers.
This paper will reveal how Tolkien's
understanding of leadership rests upon
what might be termed a Post-modernist
relationship between power and knowledge.
Joe R. Christopher
- The Moral Epiphanies in The Lord of the
- The topic of this study is not entirely
new - other critics have written about
the visionary moments in The Lord of
the Rings that show various types of
insights - but the author is interested
in a modern context for those which are
most psychologically orientated,
suggested by Ashton Nichols' Poetics of
Epiphany, and also in their use in the
genre of the prose romance.
- "Less Noise and More Green":
Tolkien's Ideology for England.
- This essay explores Tolkien's work
(especially The Lord of the Rings)
in terms of what I identify as his three
central concerns, described here as
English culture, nature and ethics. I
also defend the work against its
detractors, especially cultural
materialists. I am more concerned with
the reception of the work (e.g. its
contemporary meanings) than its
- The Earthly Paradise in Tolkien's The Lord
of the Rings.
- Valinor, modelled on the Earthly
Paradise, is described more fully in
Tolkien's posthumously published works
than in The Lord of the Rings. Yet
the fleeting Valinorean images within the
trilogy have a powerful impact,
heightening and simultaneously providing
consolation for the horrors of Mordor.
Gloriana St. Clair
- Tolkien as Reviser: A Case Study.
- The publication of drafts of The Lord
of the Rings allows scholars to
assess Tolkien as a reviser. A comparison
of the early presentations of Gondor in
The History of The Lord of the
Rings, with the finished scenes
indicates the nature and direction of
Tolkien's changes. This paper will
discuss how the process of revision
contributed to the overall effect of the
- Open Minds, Closed Minds in The Lord of
- A study of prejudice and tolerance, from the insularity of the Hobbits
of the Shire to the mistrust between the Elves and Dwarves and the
very nationalistic outlook of Denethor. This paper will show how some
characters grew and became more tolerant, and that Tolkien was sensible
enough to realize that only small steps can be taken at a time. It
will also consider the unwillingness of some to believe in anything
not witnessed with their own senses, thus leading them to discard
as legendary much of the wonder of Middle-earth.
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